Artificial Intelligence developments

As of recently, Artificial Intelligence developments have been improving tremendously and are an upcoming trend that many countries are beginning to utilize. In “Bet On The Bot: AI Beats The Professionals At 6-Player Texas Hold 'Em,” Merrit Kennedy from the “National Public Radio” addresses the positive viewpoints of artificial intelligence and its effectiveness to our future society. Although Tom Chiver from “The Guardian” also examines AI usage in his article “Facial recognition...coming to a supermarket near you,” he focuses specifically on facial recognition and convey both sides to the usage this emerging technology. These two recent articles provide different insights on whether companies and high authorities should further integrate this technological advancement into society. While Kennedy and Chiver both developed suitable articles that appeal to their audiences through the use of rhetorical appeals, Chiver will most likely gain the audience's support for AI as he has more evidence and credibility that supports his opinion. 

Kennedy and Chiver both develop credibility that supports their reasoning on whether the use of AI should take place or not, however Chiver more effectively cites several reliable resources which provides a deeper insight on how Chiver views the use of AI technology. For instance, he refers to a psychologist from the University of Greenwich and an AI researcher from the Imperial College London who both provide effective reasoning towards his argument and in turn further building up his ethos and logos. Josh Davis, the psychologist, states that “the ability of the best algorithms to match a new image to a face in a database improved 20-fold between 2014 and 2018,” and AI researcher Maja Pantic believes that “it is good, and moving relatively fast forward.” They also both state that they are truly unworried about the rise of facial recognition. By referring to these individuals in his article, Chiver’s reliability will intensify as it represents people of higher education supporting his viewpoints. Since they have high reliability, Chiver’s audience would be more likely to trust and support his opinions. Another example he points out is the mention of countries that have actually already initiated the utilization of AI technology and how persuasive it can be. Chiver refers to China as one of the countries and how the introduction of AI technology has helped resolve more problems than create. It is referenced in the article as, “The technology is already pervasive in Chinese society”. By providing examples of locations where AI usage is successful, Chiver is able to effectively convince the audience of supporting his view. This technique effectively entices the audience to see Chiver’s positive point of view of facial recognition.

Additionally, Chiver particularly uses pathos to captivate the audience’s emotions which provides a greater response to Chiver’s article. He executes this through citing people’s stories and shows how it has affected them personally to appeal to the audience’s emotions. The main source is shop owner, Paul Wilks, who uses facial recognition to accommodate for the lack of police enforcement. Chiver adds his story to show the audience how AI has helped a man protect his source of income. He stated that, “There’s definitely been a reduction in unknown losses, and a reduction in disruptive incidents”. Since Wilks described his hardships he had without facial recognition, it demonstrates how difficult it could have been without the use of AI. This expresses how the AI technology is a necessity for Wilks to keep his store secure and safe. This triggers the audience’s emotions and will convince them to see all the benefits of facial recognition, unlike Kennedy who focuses more on the use of logos alone. 

Another strategy Chiver uses is showing an apprehension to both sides of facial recognition. He acknowledges and supports both the negative and positive viewpoints on AI technology. This will attract and convince audiences on both sides of the spectrum. For example, in addition to Wilk’s story, Chiver adds in a contradicting story to capture both perspectives of facial recognition. A civil liberty organization stated that, “14-year-old black schoolboy was “swooped by four officers, put up against a wall, fingerprinted, phone taken, before police realised the face recognition had got the wrong guy”. This story that points out how civil liberties is affected will bring out the audience’s sense of guilt and make them reconsider the use of AI technology in our society.

Although Chiver makes an excellent argument by appealing to his audience, Kennedy’s use of logos can also convince her audience to support her opinion. Compared to Chiver, Kennedy shows more support towards AI advancements and attempts to capture the audience’s attention by referring to several significant researchers. Kennedy’s continuous use of logos and dependence on ethos made her article less compelling and effective. On the other hand, Chiver utilizes a similar method, but includes an emotional appeal as well. Since Chiver incorporated the use of pathos, he was able to convince the audience that favors pathos over logos, which makes him more likely to accomplish his goal compared to Kennedy. 

Overall, while both authors use the appeals in specific ways, Chiver is more likely to inform his audience of the positive and negative outcomes of implementing AI technology. Chiver’s high use of pathos and logos allowed him to captivate the audience, which enables them to connect to the subject more. His argument is more likely to be effective in accomplishing its rhetorical purpose compared to Kennedy’s article.